Locust Warning Organisation (LWO), Directorate of Plant Protection Quarantine and Storage, Min.of Agriculture, Department of Agriculture and Cooperation is responsible for monitoring, survey and control of Desert Locust in Scheduled Desert Areas mainly in the States of Rajasthan and Gujarat. Incursion of exotic locust swarms into India is prevented through organization of suitable control operation. LWO keeps itself abreast with the prevailing locust situation at National and International level through monthly Desert Locust Bulletins of FAO issued by the Desert Locust Information Service (DLIS), AGP Division Rome, Italy. Survey data are collected by the field functionaries from the fields which are transmitted to LWO circle offices, field HQ Jodhpur and Central HQ Faridabad where these are compiled and analyzed to forewarn the probability of locust outbreak and upsurges. The locust situation is appraised to the State Governments of Rajasthan and Gujarat with the advice to gear up their field functionaries to keep a constant vigil on locust situation in their areas and intimate the same to nearest LWO offices for taking necessary action at their end.
Lot of innovations have been made in the field of locust survey and surveillance for quick transmission of locust survey data, their analysis, decision making, mapping of survey areas through computerization, adoption of new software like eLocust2/ eLocust3 and RAMSES.
Restructuring of LWO:
During X five year plan, LWO has been restructured into one Central Hqr. at Faridabad (Haryana), one Field Hqr.at Jodhpur and 10 Locust Circle Offices (LCOs) at Bikaner, Jaisalmer, Barmer, Jalore, Phalodi, Nagaur, Suratgarh &Churu (Rajasthan) and Palanpur& Bhuj ( Gujarat) by merging five Circle offices and 23 Locust Outposts. Besides, there is one Field Station for Investigations on Locusts (FSIL) situated at Bikaner. LWO maintains its own wireless network for exchanging information on locust survey and control between Field Hqr. Jodhpur, Locust Circle offices and Central Hqr. Faridabad. Satisfactory locust control potential is being maintained in the form of a fleet of vehicles, ready to use pesticides, Plant Protection (PP) equipments, GPS, wireless sets and trained staff.