Central Insecticides Laboratory

The Central Insecticides Laboratory was set up under Section 16 of the Insecticides Act, 1968 with the major objectives of pre and post registration verification of the properties performance and hazards of pesticides and the proposed use claimed by manufacturers. It has four Divisions namely Bioassay Division, Chemistry Division, Medical Toxicology Division and Packaging and Processing Division.

The functions of the Laboratory as envisaged under Rule 5 of Insecticides Rules 1971 are as follows:-

Functions of CIL:

  • To analyze such samples of insecticides sent to it under the Act by any officer or authority and submission of certificates of analysis to the concerned authority.
  • To carry out such investigations as may be necessary for the purpose of ensuring the conditions of Registration of Insecticides.
  • To determine the efficacy and toxicity of insecticides;

To carry out such other functions as may be entrusted to it by the Central Government or by a State Government with the permission of the Central Government & after consultation with the Central Insecticides Board.

Activities of CIL

  1. To verify Quality of samples of Insecticides, submitted by any Officer or Authority Authorized by the Central or State Government.
  2. To investigate Insecticides with a view to verify conditions of registration.
  3. To determine efficacy and Toxicity of Insecticides; and
  4. Any other function as may be entrusted by the Central Government or by a State Government with the permission of the Government and after consultation with the Central Insecticides Board.

Central Insecticides Laboratory (Chemistry Division)

Central Insecticides Laboratory
Sl. No. State/UTs Number of Laboratories Location Target/Capacity of analysis per annum
1 All States/UTs 1 Faridabad 1600

Division wise Details of Activities & Achievements:

  • CHEMISTRY DIVISION
  • OBJECTIVE:

    To discharge the techno-legal duties as specified under Rule 5 of Insecticides Rules, 1971.

    ACTIVITIES:

    1. To analyze samples of pesticides sent to it under the Act by any officer or authority authorized by the Central or State Governments and submission of certificate of analysis to the concerned authority;
    2. To carry out such investigations as may be necessary for the purpose of ensuring the conditions of Registration of insecticides;
    3. To validate methods of analysis for newly introduced pesticides for their adoptability.
    4. To facilitate formulation of Indian Standards on pesticides.

    NABL Accreditation:

    The Chemistry Division of Central Insecticides Laboratory has already received the Certificate of Accreditation by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories(NABL) for Chemical Testing upto 21st August, 2020.

    ACHIEVEMENT:

    Targets on analysis capacities of labs. have been fixed. Accordingly, the statistics on quality control of pesticides at State Pesticides Testing Laboratories (SPTLs), Central Insecticides Laboratory (CIL) and action taken by the States is given in following table respectively.

    PESTICIDE TESTING LABORATORIES IN STATE/UTs

    PESTICIDE TESTING LABORATORIES IN STATE/UTs
    Sl. No. State/UTs Number of Laboratories Location Target/Capacity of analysis per annum
    1. Andhra Pradesh 5 Guntur, Anantapur, Tadepalligudem,, Vishakhapatnam and Kurnool 5270
    2. Arunachal Pradesh 1 Naharlagun --
    3. Assam 1 Guwahati 200
    4. Bihar 1 Patna 920
    5. Chhattisgarh 1 Raipur 500
    6. Gujarat 2 Junagarh & Gandhinagar 2000
    7. Haryana 4 Karnal, Sirsa, Rohtak & Panchkula* 3300
    8. Himachal Pradesh 1 Shimla 500
    9. Jammu & Kashmir 2 Srinagar & Jammu 1100
    10. Jharkhand 1 Ranchi 500
    11. Karnataka 6 Bangalore, Bellary, Dharwad, Shimoga, Kotnoor & Mandya 6800
    12. Kerala 1 Trivendrum 2500
    13. Madhya Pradesh 1 Jabalpur 1500
    14. Maharashtra 4 Pune, Amaravathi, Thane & Aurangabad 6200
    15. Manipur 1 Mantripukhri 30
    16. Mizoram 1 Neihbawih 20
    17. Odisha 1 Bhubaneshwar 1250
    18. Puducherry 1 Puducherry 500
    19. Punjab 3 Amritsar, Ludhiana & Bhatinda 3900
    20. Rajasthan 7 Jaipur, Bikaner, Udaipur, Kota, Jodhpur, Sriganganagar & Bharatpur 3700
    21. Tamil Nadu 15 Coimbatore, Kovilpatti, Erode, Madurai, Trichy, Aduthrai, Salem, Cuddalore & Kanchipuram, Theni, Nagapattinam, Dharmpuri, Vellore, Sivaganga, Tirunelveli 21850
    22. Telangana 2 Rajendra Nagar and Warangal 3700
    23. Tripura 1 Agartala 150
    24. Uttarakhand 2 Rudrapur, Srinagar (Pauri Garhwal) 400
    25. Uttar Pradesh 4 Meerut, Lucknow (2 ) & Varanasi 7000
    26. West Bengal 1 Midnapore 650
      TOTAL 70   74440
    B. Regional Pesticide Testing Laboratories
    1. All States/UTs 2 1. Kanpur 1550
      2. Chandigarh 1550
    C. Central Insecticides Laboratory (Chemistry Division)
    1. All States/UTs 1 Faridabad 1600
    QUALITY CONTROL STATISTICS OF SAMPLES ANALYSED AT CENTRAL INSECTICIDES LABORATORY (CIL), FARIDABAD DURING 2014-15 to 2018-19
    QUALITY CONTROL STATISTICS OF SAMPLES ANALYSED AT CENTRAL INSECTICIDES LABORATORY (CIL), FARIDABAD DURING 2014-15 to 2018-19
    S.No. States/UTs 2014-15 2015-16 2016-17 2017-18 2018-19
    Analysed Misbranded (%) Analysed Misbranded (%) Analysed Misbranded (%) Analysed Misbranded Analysed Misbranded (%)
    1 Andhra Pradesh 83 57 (68.67) 29 18 (62.10) 42 25 (59.52) 47 22 (46.81) 49 18 (36.73)
    2 Arunachal Pradesh - - (-) 03 02 (66.70) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    3 Assam - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    4 Bihar 30 22 (73.33) 09 06 (66.70) 22 11 (50.00) 06 03 (50.00) 09 02 (22.22)
    5 Chhattisgarh 03 03 (100.00) 02 01 (50.00) 01 0 (0.00) - - (-) - - (-)
    6 Goa - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    7 Gujarat 31 22 (70.96) 19 14 (73.70) 17 13 (76.47) 25 16 (64.00) 12 06 (50.00)
    8 Haryana 139 56 (40.29) 57 37 (64.90) 38 20 (52.63) 38 14 (36.84) 35 05 (14.28)
    9 Himachal Pradesh - - (-) - - (-) 01 00 (0.00) - - (-) - - (-)
    10 Jammu & Kashmir 20 07 (35.00) 16 06 (37.50) 25 06 (24.00) 33 16 (48.48) 31 08 (25.80)
    11 Jharkhand - - (-) - - (-) 01 0 (0.00) 03 01 (33.33) 03 0 (0.00)
    12 Karnataka 33 15 (45.45) 38 16 (42.10) 30 13 (43.33) 38 12 (31.58) 47 14 (29.80)
    13 Kerala 01 01 (100.00) 03 01 (33.33) 02 0 (0.00) - - (-) - - (-)
    14 Madhya Pradesh - - (-) 05 04 (80.00) 03 03 (100.00) 12 04 (33.33) 08 0 (0.00)
    15 Maharashtra 127 58 (45.67) 213 103 (48.40) 174 64 (36.78) 149 37 (24.83) 176 32 (18.18)
    16 Manipur - - (-) - - (-) 01 01 (100.00) 01 0 (0.00) - - (-)
    17 Meghalaya - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    18 Mizoram - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    19 Nagaland - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    20 Odisha 07 04 (57.14) 14 10 (71.40) 07 02 (28.57) 13 04 (30.77) 26 08 (30.77)
    21 Punjab 89 42 (47.19) 136 76 (55.90)) 79 46 (58.23) 185 108 (58.38) 136 42 (54.56)
    22 Rajasthan 64 30 (46.87) 71 48 (67.60) 64 42 (65.63) 49 31 (63.27) 67 24 (34.28)
    23 Sikkim - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    24 Tamil Nadu 27 11 (40.74) 68 30 (44.10) 73 42 (57.53) 59 24 (40.68) 48 17 (35.41)
    25 Tripura - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    26 Uttarakhand 09 03 (33.33) 01 01 (100.00) - - (-) 09 01 (11.11) 20 05 (25.00)
    27 Uttar Pradesh 134 63 (47.01) 118 58 (49.15) 154 57 (37.01) 131 42 (32.06) 112 23 (20.53)
    28 West Bengal - - (-) 03 02 (66.60) 04 03 (75.00) - - (-) 02 0 (0.00)
    29 Andaman Nicobar Islands - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    30 Chandigarh 01 01 (100.00) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    31 Dadra & Nagar Haveli - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    32 Delhi 03 03 (100.00) 02 01 (50.00) 02 01 (50.00) 03 02 (66.67) 07 4 (57.14)
    33 Daman & Diu - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    34 Lakshadweep - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    35 Pondicherry - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-) - - (-)
    36 Telengana 03 03 (100.00) 09 06 (66.60) 04 02 (50.00) 04 01 (25.00) 06 01 (16.67)
      Total 804 401 (49.87) 816 440 (53.90) 744 351 (47.18) 805 338 (41.99) 794 209 (26.32)
  • BIOASSAY DIVISION
  • ACTIVITIES OF THE DIVISION

    To discharge the techno-legal requirement as specified under Rule 5(d) of Insecticides Rule 1971.

    1. Evaluation of pesticides for:
      1. Bioeffectiveness
      2. Phytotoxicity
    2. Development of bioassay techniques for quality control.
    3. Evaluation of bio-pesticides on quality control parameters.
    4. Preparation of information/material and training of scientists / analysts.

    Achievements:

    Detailed Progress Report upto 2018-19

    The Bioassay Division evaluated the samples for Bio-effectiveness and phytotoxicity and for quality control parameters for Pre-Registration verification (PRV) which are presented below:-

    Against annual
    Year Capacity Achievements (in terms of No. of samples analysed)
    2005-06 60 114
    2006-07 60 143
    2007-08 60 180
    2008-09 60 209
    2009-10 60 228
    2010-11 60 268
    2011-12 60 75
    2012-13 60 77
    2013-14 60 64
    2014-15 60 75
    2015-16 60 71
    2016-17 60 63
    2017-18 60 61
    2018-19 60 32

    Detailed parameters tested for PRV samples at Bioassay Division

    Progress
    S.No. Name of the Biopesticides Parameters tested
         
    1. Trichoderma viride &
    T. harzianum
    CFU( Colony Forming Units) Counts Antagonistic capability
        pH
        Suspensibility
        Pathogenic contaminants
         
    2. Nuclear Polyhydrous Virus(NPV) POB count
        LC50 on target insects for Potency
        Pathogenic contaminants
        pH
        Moisture content
        Suspensibility
         
    3. Pseudomonas Viable cell count
      fluorescens Antagonistic capability
        Moisture content
        Pathogenic contaminants
        Suspensibility
        pH
         
    4. Beauveria bassiana CFU’s count,
        pH,
        Moisture contents,
        suspensebility, Lc 50,
        Human Pathogenic contaminants
         
    5. Metarhizium anisopliae -do-
         
    6. Verticillium lecanii -do-
         
    7. Paecilomyces lilacinus CFU’s count,
        pH,
        Moisture contents,
        suspensebility,
        Antagonestic capacity,
        Human Pathogenic contaminants
         

    NABL Accreditation:

    The Bioassay Division of Central Insecticides Laboratory has already received the Certificate of Accreditation by National Accreditation Board for Testing and Calibration Laboratories(NABL) for Biological Testing upto 21st August, 2020.

    Pesticides Testing facilities

    The Division is maintaining cultures of filed crop pests, pests of public health importance, stored grain pests, plant pathogenic fungi and seeds of weed species for tests and trial purposes.

    Pesticides testing methods

    Standard laboratory and field testing methods are being employed for testing bio-efficacy of chemical pesticides and bio-pesticides such as poisoned medium method, poison bait method, using dusting apparatus for stomach poisons, dry films of stomach poisons on plants, residual films method, peet grady method, potters tower method and field application of pesticides and subsequent observations.

  • MEDICAL TOXICOLOGY DIVISION
  • OBJECTIVES & ACTIVITIES

    The Medical Toxicology Division evaluated 14 samples (+ 1 sample in progress) upto December, 2010 for Acute oral toxicity studies as against the Annual Capacity of 20 samples for the year 2010-11.

    Others includes

    1. Acute, Oral/Dermal LD 50 study.
    2. Toxicity/Safety evaluation of pesticides before and after introduction.
    3. Toxico-vigilance activities regarding pesticides.
    4. Training on safe use of pesticides to Farmers in FFS.
    5. Preparation of technical material on pesticide toxicity.

    ACHIEVEMENTS

    Detailed Progress report upto 2018-19

    Acute Oral Toxicity Study (LD50):

    Acute
    Year Target Achievements (in terms of No. of samples analysed)
    2005-06 20 20
    2006-07 20 20
    2007-08 20 20
    2008-09 20 20
    2009-10 20 15
    2010-11 20 20
    2011-12 20 20
    2012-13 20 20
    2013-14 20 20
    2014-15 20 20
    2015-16 20 20
    2016-17 20 17
    2017-18 20 20
    2018-19 20 20

    ACHIEVEMENTS

    1. Training imparted to about more than 700 Farmers of various villages of Haryana state covered in FFS on “Safe and Judicious use of Pesticide” during last 5 years.

  • PACKAGING AND PROCESSING DIVISION
  • BACKGROUND

    Packaging division was started functioning in 1977 to perform the duties assigned to the Division. The existing target of the Division is to analyzed 150 samples per annum. The brief information to the Division is as under:

    OBJECTIVES AND ACTIVITIES:

    Packaging division is one the four Divisions of Central Insecticides Laboratory, significant activities of the Division are as under:

    1. Pre and post registration verification of packing and labeling claims/requirements made by the manufacturers/registrants
    2. Verification/analysis of the packaging and labeling samples received under Section 5(C) of the Insecticides Rules, 1971 in the context of conditions laid down on the certificate of registration issued under Insecticides Act, 1968.
    3. R&D-Development /verification of New/Alternate safety and economic packaging devices/systems by conducting laboratory tests and field trials.
    4. Technical auditing of physic-chemical analysis of pesticides samples under Internal Technical Auditing Scheme of CIL.
    5. Technical guidance to the Bureau of Indian Standards, in formulating, updating and amending the standards of pesticides quality control, safety storage, transportation and use. Imparting training to the enforcement functionaries of States/UTs on various aspects of pesticides relating to packaging, labeling and other requirements.

    TARGET & ACHIEVEMENTS:

    The annual target of the Division is to analyze 150 samples. The target has successfully been achieved. The achievement of the Division till 2018-19 is as follows:

    target
    S.No. Year/period Annual Capacity Achievements (in terms of No. of samples analysed)
    1 2007-08 150 139
    2 2008-09 150 78
    3 2009-10 150 94
    4 2010-11 150 52
    4 2011-12 150 68
    4 2012-13 150 70
    4 2013-14 150 57
    4 2014-15 150 34
    4 2015-16 150 35
    4 2016-17 150 65
    4 2017-18 150 54
    4 2018-19 150 52