Indiscriminate and injudicious use of chemical pesticides in agriculture has resulted in several associated adverse effects such as environmental pollution, ecological imbalances, pesticides residues in food, fruits and vegetables, fodder, soil and water, pest resurgence, human and animal health hazards, destruction of bio-control agents, development of resistance in pests etc. Therefore, Govt. of India has adopted Integrated Pest Management (IPM) as cardinal principle and main plank of plant protection in the overall Crop Production Programme since 1985. IPM is an eco-friendly approach which encompasses cultural, mechanical, biological and need based chemical control measures. The IPM approach is being disseminated through various schemes/ projects at national and state level.
- Maximize crop production with minimum input costs;
- Minimize environmental pollution in soil, water and air due to pesticides;
- Minimize occupational health hazards due to chemical pesticides;
- Preserve ecosystem and maintain ecological equilibrium;
- Judicious use of chemical pesticides for reducing pesticide residues,
- To improve farming systems.
The 35 Central Integrated Pest Management Centers (CIPMCs) located in 29 States and one Union Territory undertakes the programme with following activities:
- Popularizing IPM approach among farming community.
- Conducting regular pest surveillance & monitoring to assess pest/disease situation.
- Rearing biological control agents for their field use and conservation of naturally occurring bio-agents.
- Promotion of bio-pesticides and neem based pesticides as alternative to chemical pesticides.
- To play a catalytic role in spread of innovative IPM skills to extension workers, land farmers equally to resource-poor and resource-rich states.
- Human Resources Development (HRD) in IPM by imparting training to master trainers, extension workers and farmers through Farmers’ Field Schools (FFSs).
- HRD programme (short duration) courses of two days and five days for pesticides dealers/NGOs/Graduates/Post-graduates/Pvt. Entrepreneurs and progressive farmers.
- Season Long Training (SLT) programme on major agricultural/horticultural crops.
Department of Agriculture, Cooperation & Farmers Welfare (DAC&FW) in the Union Ministry of Agriculture & Farmers Welfare promotes the Integrated Pest Management (IPM) approach under the scheme “Strengthening & Modernization of Pest Management” through 35 Central Integrated Pest Management Centres (CIPMCs) located in 29 States and one Union Territory.
The mandate of these Centres is pest/disease monitoring, production and release of bio-control agents, conservation of bio-control agents and Human Resource Development in IPM by imparting training to Agricultural Extension Officers and farmers at the grassroots levels by organizing Farmers' Field Schools (FFSs) in the farmers’ fields.
|3||Andaman & Nicobar||Port Blair|
|11||Jammu & Kashmir||Jammu|