Do’s and Don’ts in safe use of pesticides by the farmers while purchasing and using




While Purchasing

ü   Purchase pesticides/biopesticides only

   from Registered pesticide dealers

   having valid Licence.

ü   Purchase only just required quantity

   of pesticides for single operation in a

   specified area.

ü See approved labels on the containers/packets of pesticides.

ü      See Batch No., Registration Number, Date of Manufacture/ Expiry on the labels.

ü      Purchase pesticides well packed in containers.

During Storage

ü   Store the pesticides away from house


ü   Keep pesticides in original containers.

ü   Pesticides/weedicides must be stored


ü   Where pesticides have been stored,

   area should be marked with warning


ü   Pesticides be stored away from

   the reach of the children and live


ü  Storage place should be well

  protected from direct sunlight and rain.

While handling

ü   Keep pesticides separate during


ü   Bulk pesticides should be carried

   tactfully to the site of application.

While preparing spray solution

ü  Always use clean water.

ü   Use protective clothings viz., hand

   gloves, face masks, cap, apron, full

   trouser, etc. to cover whole body.

ü   Always protect your nose, eyes,

   ears, hands, etc. from spill of spray


ü   Read instructions on pesticide

   container label carefully before use.

ü   Prepare the solution as per


ü   Granular pesticides should be used as


ü   Avoid spilling of pesticides solutions

   while filling the spray tank.

ü  Always use recommended dosage of


ü  No activities should be carried out

   which may affect your health.

Selection of Equipments

ü      Select right kind of equipments.


ü      Select right sized nozzles.


ü      Use separate sprayer for insecticides and weedicides.


While applying spray solutions

ü     Apply only recommended dose and


ü     Spray operation should be

    conducted  on cool and calm day.

ü     Spray operation should be conducted

    on sunny day in general.

ü   Use recommended sprayer for each spray.

ü      Spray operation should be conducted in the wind direction.

ü  After spray operation, sprayer and buckets should be washed with clean water using detergent/soap.

ü      Avoid the entry of animals/workers in the field immediately after spray.


After Spray Operation:

ü    Left over spray solutions should be disposed off at safer place viz. barren isolated area.

ü     The used/empty containers should be crushed with stone/stick and buried deep in soil away from water sources.

ü  Wash hands and face with clean water and soap before eating/smoking.

ü    On observing poisoning symptoms give the first aid and show the patient to doctor. Also show the empty container to doctor.


v  Do not purchase pesticides from foot

   path dealers or from un-licenced person.


v Do not purchase pesticide in bulk for

   whole season.


v  Do not purchase pesticides without

   approved label on the containers.

v  Never purchase expired pesticide.


v  Do not purchase pesticides whose

   containers are leaking/loose/ unsealed.


v     Never store pesticide in house premises.

v    Never transfer pesticides from original to

    another containers.

v    Do not store insecticides with


v Do not allow children to enter the

   storage place.


v Do not allow children to enter the

   storage place.


v Pesticides should not be exposed to

   sunlight or rain water.



v  Never carry/transport pesticides along

   with food/fodder/other eatable articles.

v  Never carry bulk pesticides on head,

   shoulder or on the back.                     


v   Do not use muddy or stagnant water.

v Never prepare spray solution without

     wearing protective clothings.


v       Do not allow the pesticide/its solution

     to fall on any body parts.



v   Never avoid reading instructions on

     container’s label for use.

v       Never use left out spray solution after

     24 hours of its preparation.

v      Do not mix granules with water.


v      Do not smell the spray tank.

v      Do not use overdose which may affect

     plant health and environment.

v      Do not eat, drink, smoke or chew

     during whole operation of pesticides.


v    Do not use leaky or defective


v     Do not use defective/non-

      recommended nozzles.  Do not

      blow/clean clogged nozzles with

      mouth.  Instead use tooth brush tied

      with sprayer.

v           Never use same sprayer for both

       weedicides and insecticides.



v Never apply over-dose and high

   concentrations than recommended.

v  Do not spray on hot sunny day or

   strong windy conditions.

v  Do not spray just before rains and

   immediately after the rains.

v Emulsifiable concentrate formulations

   should not be used for spraying with

   battery operated ULV sprayer.

v  Do not spray against wind direction.

v Containers and buckets used for mixing

   pesticides should never be used for

   domestic purpose even after thorough


v  Never enter in the treated field

   immediate after spray without bearing

   protective clothings.


v Left over spray solution should not

   be drained in or near ponds or water

   lines etc.

v Empty containers of pesticides should

   not be re-used for storing other articles.


v  Never eat/smoke before washing clothes

   and taking bath.


v Do not take the risk by not showing

   the poisoning symptoms to doctor as it

   may endanger the life of the patient.

Contact Us Tenders Publication Related Links Site Map Privacy Policy

Designed and Developed by Agriculture Informatics Division, NIC